how the past
impacts the now.
role The Beatles
played in changing
the modern world.
THE FOLLOWING EVENTS TOOK PLACE ON JUNE 20
1782--Congress approves the Great Seal of the US and the eagle as its symbol.
1837--King William IV of Great Britain dies, and his niece Victoria, the daughter of his brother Edward, Duke of Kent, ascends to the throne. The first night of her reign is the first night she slept in a bed without her mother. The British government issues its first stamp (one-penny) with her likeness to commemorate the event.
1924--Chet Atkins is born in Luttrell, Tennessee. He is the music figure most responsible for the "Nashville Sound" of the 1960s.
1942--Beach Boys songwriter, singer and musician, Brian Wilson, is born in Hawthorne, California. He and his brothers, Dennis and Carl, formed The Beach Boys with cousin, Mike Love, and friend, Al Jardine. They created the California sound now known as surf music, with such hits as Surfin' USA (1963), I Get Around (1964), and California Girls (1965). Brian gave up touring in 1965, due to nervous exhaustion, but continued on as the group's writer-producer. He had a solo single in 1966, Caroline No, which also appeared on his masterwork, Pet Sounds album. Brian Wilson will be remembered as one of the few true geniuses of 20th-century pop music.
1948--The TV variety show, "Toast Of The Town," premieres. It later changes its name to "The Ed Sullivan Show."
1961--The Beatles perform at the Top Ten Club, Reeperbahn, Hamburg, West Germany.
1962--The Beatles perform at the Cavern Club at lunchtime and then again at night.
1963--Anxious to minimize the PR damage caused by John Lennons drunken physical attack on Bob Wooler, Brian Epstein dictates an apologetic telegram for John to send to Wooler: Really sorry, Bob. Terribly worried to realise what I had done. What more can I say? John Lennon.
1964--The Beatles perform two shows at Sydney Stadium, Sydney, Australia.
1965--The Beatles begin a 14-day European tour with two performances at the Palais Des Sports in Paris, France. The afternoon show is recorded for later broadcast on French radio, while the evening show is broadcast live on radio and also taped for later television broadcast. The Beatles get a much warmer reception in Paris than they had received in 1964. Despite that, throughout the tour, concert venues are often less than half full, even in countries where The Beatles have never played before. The Beatles' song list for this tour: Twist and Shout, She's a Woman, I'm a Loser, Can't Buy Me Love, Baby's In Black, I Wanna Be Your Man, A Hard Day's Night, Everybody's Trying to Be My Baby, Rock and Roll Music, I Feel Fine, Ticket to Ride, and Long Tall Sally.
1965--The Beatles are interviewed by Chris Denning of Radio Luxembourg, for the weekly series "The Beatles." As he had done in a previous interview for this series, Denning suggests The Beatles come up with some song dedications. John Lennon offers a dedication to Harold Wilson, Paul McCartney comes up with one for three critics, and Ringo Starr makes dedications for Beatles Fan Club secretary Freda Kelly and "all of the dockers in Liverpool." George Harrison, following Ringo's lead, offers one for "all of the miners in Scunthorpe."
1966--US re-release of The Beatles LP, Yesterday and Today, with a new and tacky looking album cover, showing The Beatles posing vacantly alongside a large trunk. The album had been recalled from distributors after their shocked reaction to the original "butcher cover. The "butcher" covers were destroyed and replaced with the rather bland sleeve. The Beatles are miffed: John Lennon states that the "butcher" cover is "as relevant as Vietnam," while Paul McCartney said the photo is "very tasty meat" and that those offended are "soft." Nonetheless, Capitol issues an apology for the ill-starred attempt at pop-art satire." Some of the "butcher" covers were not destroyed, with the new covers being pasted over the old ones. An undetermined number of Beatles fans bought albums with the original cover underneath the sanitized photo. The cost of replacing covers caused Capitol Records to lose money on the album.
1966--The New York Times reports George Harrison and Brian Jones (of The Rolling Stones) have taken up the sitar.
1968--John Lennon commandeers Studios 1, 2, and 3 (EMI Studios, London) to work on creating the master tape of Revolution 9. At least 100 individual effects and voice clips are utilized, with John sitting at the recording console. During this session, John creates the tape loop of the voice saying "number 9, number 9..." (taken from an instruction tape), mixing it in and out and shifting tracks. He also overdubs a mellotron track and, along with Yoko Ono and George Harrison, overdubs some spoken-word bits.
1970--The Beatles' single, The Long and Winding Road, is #1 in the US charts for the second straight week.
1980--Inspired by listening to Bob Marleys Burnin album, while relaxing in Bermuda, John Lennon composes his song, Borrowed Time.
1983--An interview with Yoko Ono is published in the New York Post.
1997--At the 22nd Silver Clef Awards luncheon in London, John Lennon is honored posthumously for his contribution to world peace and for his outstanding contributions to British music. Yoko Ono accepts the award on Lennon's behalf, saying that John believed passionately in the healing powers of music. A statue of Lennon, which had been specially commissioned, is auctioned at the luncheon, and it is purchased by The Beatles Museum in Liverpool.
1999--News of the World prints a story confirming a fact that Beatles aficionados had known for a very long time. Under a headline which reads 1,000 Pound Beatles Autographs Were Forged, the report reveals: Beatles fans who have splashed out thousands of pounds for their heroes autographs may have bought fakes. A report reveals that many Fab Four programmes and souvenirs were signed by fan club secretaries. The truth is, many Beatles autographs that date back to their American / World tour years were signed by Neil Aspinall and Mal Evans, who had become expert forgers of the Fab Four's signatures.
For more day-by-day history go to HistoryUnlimited.net