how the past
impacts the now.
role The Beatles
played in changing
the modern world.
THE FOLLOWING EVENTS TOOK PLACE ON JUNE 23
1846--Adolphe Sax patents the saxophone.
1868--Christopher Latham Sholes receives a patent for an invention he calls a "Type-Writer."
1940--Stuart Sutcliffe is born in Edinburgh, Scotland. He became a good friend of John Lennon's upon meeting him at art college, and Lennon soon persuaded Stu to become of member of his band. Although he went along on the groups first trip to Germany, Stu didnt fair well as bass player with The Beatles, and he left the group in 1961, opting to remain in Germany with his girlfriend Astrid Kirchherr. He died of a brain hemorrhage on April 10, 1962 at age 21. Stu is still remembered today and has been honored with many showings of his work. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame opened an exhibit on the life and work of Stuart Sucliffe in 2001.
1940--Singer Adam Faith is born in England.
1960--The Silver Beetles perform at the Institute, Neston, Wirral.
1961--The Beatles perform at the Top Ten Club, Reeperbahn, Hamburg, West Germany.
1962--The Beatles perform at (Victory) Memorial Hall, Northwich, Cheshire. Northwich is 25 miles southeast of Liverpool, and the promoter (Lewis Buckley) booked dances all over Britain, so The Beatles hoped to make an impressive appearance.
1963--The Beatles tape an appearance on the ABC Television program "Lucky Stars: Summer Spin" at Alpha Television Studios in Birmingham. This program is the summer title for "Thank Your Lucky Stars." This entire edition is devoted to the "Mersey Beat" boom, featuring The Beatles and the Liverpool acts that had followed them into stardom. The Beatles top the bill, doing lip-sync performances of From Me to You and I Saw Her Standing There. Broadcast on June 29, conflicting with the broadcast of the pre-taped "Juke Box Jury" show on which John Lennon appears.
1964--The Beatles, on their first world tour, perform two shows at Town Hall, Wellington, New Zealand.
1965--On a tour in Europe, The Beatles travel by rail from Lyon, France, to Milan, Italy. They travel on the Trans-Europe Express.
1966--The Beatles fly from London to Munich, Germany, for the beginning of an international tour.
1966--The case of Miranda v. Arizona establishes the right of the accused to have their rights explained to them upon arrest.
1967--The Beatles in the recording studio (Studio 3, EMI Studios, London). Recording orchestra overdubs for All You Need Is Love.
1971--At his Tittenhurst Park recording studio in Ascot, John Lennon begins recording tracks for his next album, Imagine. On the first morning, he plays his new song to the other musicians, and it will turn out to be the title track of the album. Then, using an eight-track machine, which the Lennons affectionally call ASS (Ascot Sound Studios), the recording sessions begin in earnest. Fearing legal problems from Paul McCartney, Allen Klein advises John to severely tone down the lyrics to the song How To You Sleep? Both George Harrison (who played on the album) and Ringo Starr (who would drop by to visit from time to time) were bothered by Johns earliest, harsher lyrics, with Ringo even saying to John at one point, Oh, come on, now, John. Thats really going too far. Says John on Georges contribution to the Imagine album: Did you know that George wanted to redo his guitar solos on Gimme Some Truth and How Do You Sleep? Thats the best he ever fucking played in his life! Hed never get that feeling again. Hed go on forever if you let him. During the recordings, an American fan named Claudio had been seen hanging around the grounds surrounding the mansion, sleeping at night among the trees on the estate. John decided to talk with him, in the hope that he would then be willing to leave, and ends up inviting him inside for a meal. This, as with most of John and Yokos activities during the seventies (including the Imagine recording sessions), is captured on 16mm color film. A documentary on the making of the Imagine album, called Working Class Hero, is proposed but never released. However, some of the footage is used in the 1988 documentary film Imagine: John Lennon. It wouldnt be until 2000 that more of the footage would be released as a new documentary video called Gimme Some Truth. During the early stages of the Imagine recordings, John recorded the earliest known demo of the song Aisemussen. And at the end of the sessions on July 2, he records a further demo of Im the Greatest. This period of recording also produces tracks for Yokos album Fly. To promote both the Imagine and Fly albums, John and Yoko produce, from 40,000 feet of film, a 70-minute film entitled Imagine, which features on its soundtrack songs from both albums. The first piece of shooting for the film takes place on July 6.
1973--George Harrison's LP, Living in the Material World reaches #1 in the US album charts.
1976--Paul McCartney and Wings complete a tour of the US with their final performance at the Los Angeles Forum. Ringo Starr appears on stage during the group's final number: he gives Denny Laine some flowers, kisses Linda's hand, and grabs Paul's bass guitar as they walk off arm in arm. McCartney wouldn't tour America again for another 13 years.
1980--Inspired by his visit the night before to a local Bermuda nightclub, John Lennon writes the song Im Steppin Out.
1990--Gary Busey, who played Buddy Holly in the movie The Buddy Holly Story, buys one of the legendary rocker's guitars at auction for $242,200 in New York.
1992--The FBI loses another round of its battle to prevent the disclosure of its final secret files on John Lennon. The Supreme Court sets a September 11 deadline for the handover. When the files are finally released to author Jon Weiner, he discovers that the governments illegal surveillance of Lennon in the seventies continued several years after he dropped his political campaigns. Since these were the pretext for the surveillance, it makes the whole project more unjustified, more of an abuse than ever, says Weiner.
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